Today, 100 years ago, after debating the likelihood of success for almost a fortnight, the Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace in St Petersburg.
They arrested members of the Provisional Government working there.
A film later staged by the Bolsheviks shows a desperate struggle.
Although the Provisional Government had been protected by cadets and a women’s battalion, there was no real fighting.
All surrendered peacefully.
The same day, Lenin abolished private land ownership and ordered a ceasefire on the Russian front.
The Bolshevik Revolution had begun.
It is called the October Revolution because, at that time, Russia observed the Julian Calendar.
By that, today was October 26, 11 days behind our Gregorian Calendar.
This week the British Prime Minister, Arthur Balfour, offered British support for a Jewish State in Palestine.
Jews had been expelled from Palestine by the Roman Emperor Hadrian in 132 AD after the failed Bar Kokhba Rebellion.
The first three American soldier killed in action died this week in a German attack on their position.
The Third Battle of Gaza was fought this week.
Unlike previous attempts, Entente troops did not make frontal attacks on its fortifications.
The capture of Beersheba had exposed Gaza’s flank.
After heavy bombardment, Entente troops enveloped it on its weakest side in a night attack.
The Turks were outnumbered.
However, it still cost 2696 Allied casualties to push them out of the town.
The Turks suffered more than 1000 casualties.
Most were caused by the initial bombardment.
Canadian troops finally captured the Passchendaele Ridge.
Haig declared Third Battle of Ypres over.
The Battle had left France, Britain and the Dominions too weak to mount another serious attack for most of 1918.
Westcours won the Melbourne Cup.
Lenius, the favourite, was blocked by a congested field.
Meanwhile, the Swanpool community held a Queen Carnival.
The Carnival raised an astounding $500 for patriotic funds.
Benalla Shire Council decided this week that it would revert to horse haulage.
It had been using motor lorries for some time as a trial.
However, it found that motor lorries could not compete on cost.
The Melbourne City Council had reverted to horses as well.
The cost of delivering road metal by motor lorry was 48 cents per cubic yard.
Road metal could be delivered by horse drawn dray at a cost of 29 cents per cubic yard.
The North-Eastern District Synod of the Methodist Church was held in Benalla this week.
It passed a resolution protesting the banning of Arthur Mee’s The Fiddlers and Defeat by the Federal Government.
In his opening address, the Chairman also suggested the voice of patriotism was the call of God.
This week a ‘’’nick nack’’ tea was given to Nora Shiels in Benalla in anticipation of her forthcoming marriage.
— John Barry, Anzac Commemorative Working Party, Coo-ee — Honouring our WWI heroes