Vote given to older women

February 11, 2018

A suffragette looks out from Holloway Prison

Yesterday, 100 years ago, Britain gave all men over 21 the vote.

Only women over 30 were enfranchised at the same time.

Even then they had to be a householder or the wife of a householder, an owner of land worth more than $10 in annual rental or a graduate of a British university.

The suffragette movement accepted these limitations in order to get votes for some women.

It would be another 11 months before women gained to right to stand for Parliament and another 10 years before franchise rights equal to men were given in Britain.

This week saw the first crumbling of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

One-thousand and three-hundred Slovene soldiers, one of many ethnic groups in the Empire, mutinied at Judenburg when they were ordered to the front.

The mutineers demanded demobilisation and Slovene independence.

Many broke into military granaries to steal food and then went home.

Most were caught and given prison sentences.

Six ringleaders were shot.

Two days later, another mutiny, this time by sailors of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, started in Kotor naval base on the Adriatic.

They demanded peace and ethnic independence.

The mutiny aboard 40 ships failed to spread to other units.

Other naval units were used to crush the mutiny.

Eight-hundred sailors were imprisoned and four ringleaders executed.

For the time being, Austro-Hungarian forces would continue to fight.

This week, the Bolshevik government announced the separation of church and state in Russia.

The role of the Orthodox Church as the approved voice of Russian nationalism was over.

The trial of Bolo Pasha, a French adventurer and German spy, began in Paris this week.

Circumstantial evidence of his treason had been gathered by most Allied countries.

His inability to account for the disbursement of funds was crucial.

The reason he gave was that he was ‘‘the master of money, not its slave’’.

He would be found guilty and executed, still protesting his innocence, in April 1918.

Meanwhile in Benalla, children returned to school this week after the Christmas vacation.

Pupils attending Benalla High School would number 140 this year. They would have four teachers teaching them.

Benalla Returned Soldiers’ Association had its first regular meeting this week.

A farm labourer had a narrow escape in Warrenbayne.

He was cutting lucerne with a mower pulled by two horses.

He got too near the bank of the creek.

A horse fell over the edge falling about five metres and pulling the man, machine and the other horse into the creek.

There he lay, helpless and entangled, for some time until discovered by a farmer’s children.

When freed, the man required several stitches.

A Red Cross Bazaar in the Drill Hall had its first night of business tonight.

— John Barry, ANZAC Commemorative Working Party, Coo-ee — Honouring our WWI heroes

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